Dexamethasone for the Treatment of Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) : a Review

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020..

The World Health Organization (WHO) declared COVID-19 (novel coronavirus) as a global pandemic in the middle of March 2020, after the disease spread to more than 150 countries and territories leading to tens of thousands of cases within a couple of months. To date, there are no effective pharmaceutical treatments available. As well as that, the novel vaccines have not yet been approved as establishing their efficacy will take time. This study aims to summarize the evidence regarding corticosteroids such as dexamethasone for the treatment of COVID-19. Electronic searches were conducted on 7 September 2020 on Google Scholar database, MEDLINE and PubMed. A further search was conducted on the World Health Organization's COVID-19 research article database. The findings of recent investigations that proved, both, the in vitro and in vivo activity of corticosteroids against COVID-19 and other coronavirus-related pneumonia were discussed. Low doses of corticosteroids (dexamethasone) could reduce the mortality in patients with severe COVID-19 disease; however, they had no effect on the mortality rate of those patients with a mild form of the condition. Moreover, the liberal use of corticosteroids was not advocated for, as high doses of the drug can cause more harm than good.

Media Type:

Electronic Article

Year of Publication:

2020

Contained In:

SN comprehensive clinical medicine - (31.10.2020), p. 1-10

Language:

English

Contributors:

Ahmed, Mukhtar H
Hassan, Arez

Links:

Volltext

Keywords:

COVID-19
Coronaviruses
Corticosteroids
Dexamethasone
In vivo
Journal Article
Review
SARS-CoV-2

Notes:

Date Revised 12.11.2020

published: Print-Electronic

Citation Status Publisher

Copyright: From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Physical Description:

Online-Ressource

doi:

10.1007/s42399-020-00610-8

PMID:

33163859

PPN (Catalogue-ID):

NLM318303698