Mental health implications of COVID-19 pandemic and its response in India

INTRODUCTION: Mental health concerns and treatment usually take a backseat when the limited resources are geared for pandemic containment. In this global humanitarian crisis of the COVID-19 pandemic, mental health issues have been reported from all over the world.

OBJECTIVES: In this study, we attempt to review the prevailing mental health issues during the COVID-19 pandemic through global experiences, and reactive strategies established in mental health care with special reference to the Indian context. By performing a rapid synthesis of available evidence, we aim to propose a conceptual and recommendation framework for mental health issues during the COVID-19 pandemic.

METHODS: A search of the PubMed electronic database and google scholar were undertaken using the search terms 'novel coronavirus', 'COVID-19', 'nCoV', SARS-CoV-2, 'mental health', 'psychiatry', 'psychology', 'anxiety', 'depression' and 'stress' in various permutations and combinations. Published journals, magazines and newspaper articles, official webpages and independent websites of various institutions and non-government organizations, verified social media portals were compiled.

RESULTS: The major mental health issues reported were stress, anxiety, depression, insomnia, denial, anger and fear. Children and older people, frontline workers, people with existing mental health illnesses were among the vulnerable in this context. COVID-19 related suicides have also been increasingly common. Globally, measures have been taken to address mental health issues through the use of guidelines and intervention strategies. The role of social media has also been immense in this context. State-specific intervention strategies, telepsychiatry consultations, toll free number specific for psychological and behavioral issues have been issued by the Government of India.

CONCLUSION: Keeping a positive approach, developing vulnerable-group-specific need-based interventions with proper risk communication strategies and keeping at par with the evolving epidemiology of COVID-19 would be instrumental in guiding the planning and prioritization of mental health care resources to serve the most vulnerable.

Media Type:

Electronic Article

Year of Publication:

2021

Contained In:

The International journal of social psychiatry - Vol. 67, No. 5 (2021), p. 587-600

Language:

English

Contributors:

Roy, Adrija
Singh, Arvind Kumar
Mishra, Shree
Chinnadurai, Aravinda
Mitra, Arun
Bakshi, Ojaswini

Links:

Volltext

Keywords:

Anxiety
COVID-19
Depression
Journal Article
Mental health
Pandemic
Stress

Notes:

Date Revised 20.07.2021

published: Print-Electronic

Citation Status In-Process

Copyright: From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Physical Description:

Online-Ressource

doi:

10.1177/0020764020950769

PMID:

32873106

PPN (Catalogue-ID):

NLM315406186