Development and validation of multiplex one-step qPCR/RT-qPCR assays for simultaneous detection of SARS-CoV-2 and pathogens associated with feline respiratory disease complex

Copyright: © 2024 Thieulent et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited..

Feline respiratory disease complex (FRDC) is caused by a wide range of viral and bacterial pathogens. Both Influenza A virus (IAV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) also induce respiratory diseases in cats. Two one-step multiplex qPCR/RT-qPCR assays were developed and validated: FRA_1 (Feline respiratory assay 1) for the detection of four viral targets and FRA_2 for the detection of three bacteria associated with FRDC. Both multiplex assays demonstrated high specificity, efficiency (93.51%-107.8%), linearity (> 0.998), analytical sensitivity (≤ 15 genome copies/μl), repeatability (coefficient of variation [CV] < 5%), and reproducibility (CV < 6%). Among the 63 clinical specimens collected from FRDC-suspected cats, 92.1% were positive for at least one pathogen and co-infection was detected in 57.1% of samples. Mycoplasma felis (61.9%) was the most found pathogen, followed by feline herpesvirus-1 (30.2%), Chlamydia felis (28.7%) and feline calicivirus (27.0%). SARS-CoV-2 was detected in two specimens. In summary, this new panel of qPCR/RT-qPCR assays constitutes a useful and reliable tool for the rapid detection of SARS-CoV-2 and viral and bacterial pathogens associated with FRDC in cats.

Media Type:

Electronic Article

Year of Publication:

2024

Publication:

2024

Contained In:

To Main Record - volume:19

Contained In:

PloS one - 19(2024), 3 vom: 02., Seite e0297796

Language:

English

Contributors:

Thieulent, Côme J [Author]
Carossino, Mariano [Author]
Peak, Laura [Author]
Wolfson, Wendy [Author]
Balasuriya, Udeni B R [Author]

Links:

Volltext

Keywords:

Journal Article

Notes:

Date Completed 25.03.2024

Date Revised 25.03.2024

published: Electronic-eCollection

Citation Status MEDLINE

doi:

10.1371/journal.pone.0297796

funding:

Supporting institution / Project title:

PPN (Catalogue-ID):

NLM370074211