COVID-19 in patients presenting with malaria-like symptoms at a primary healthcare facility in Accra, Ghana

Copyright: © 2024 Asamoah et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited..

BACKGROUND: Malaria is a common and severe public health problem in Ghana and largely responsible for febrile symptoms presented at health facilities in the country. Other infectious diseases, including COVID-19, may mimic malaria due to their shared non-specific symptoms such as fever and headache thus leading to misdiagnosis. This study therefore investigated COVID-19 among patients presenting with malaria-like symptoms at Korle-Bu Polyclinic, Accra, Ghana.

METHODS: This study enrolled 300 patients presenting with malaria-like symptoms aged ≥18yrs. After consent was obtained from study patients, two to three millilitres of whole blood, nasopharyngeal and oropharyngeal swab samples, were collected for screening of Plasmodium falciparum using malaria rapid diagnostic test, microscopy and nested PCR, and SARS-CoV-2 using SARS-CoV-2 antigen test and Real-time PCR, respectively. The plasma and whole blood were also used for COVID-19 antibody testing and full blood counts using hematological analyser. SARS-CoV-2 whole genome sequencing was performed using MinIon sequencing.

RESULTS: The prevalence of malaria by microscopy, RDT and nested PCR were 2.3%, 2.3% and 2.7% respectively. The detection of SARS-CoV-2 by COVID-19 Rapid Antigen Test and Real-time PCR were 8.7% and 20% respectively. The Delta variant was reported in 23 of 25 SARS-CoV-2 positives with CT values below 30. Headache was the most common symptom presented by study participants (95%). Comorbidities reported were hypertension, asthma and diabetes. One hundred and thirteen (37.8%) of the study participants had prior exposure to SARS CoV-2 and (34/51) 66.7% of Astrazeneca vaccinated patients had no IgG antibody.

CONCLUSION: It may be difficult to use clinical characteristics to distinguish between patients with COVID-19 having malaria-like symptoms. Detection of IgM using RDTs may be useful in predicting CT values for SARS-CoV-2 real-time PCR and therefore transmission.

Media Type:

Electronic Article

Year of Publication:

2024

Publication:

2024

Contained In:

To Main Record - volume:19

Contained In:

PloS one - 19(2024), 2 vom: 09., Seite e0298088

Language:

English

Contributors:

Asamoah, Issabella [Author]
Adusei-Poku, Mildred [Author]
Vandyck-Sey, Priscilla [Author]
Steele-Dadzie, Allen [Author]
Kuffour, Atta Senior [Author]
Turkson, Albert [Author]
Asante, Ivy Asantewaa [Author]
Addo-Osafo, Kantanka [Author]
Mohktar, Quaneeta [Author]
Adu, Bright [Author]
Afrane, Yaw A [Author]
Sagoe, Kwamena W C [Author]

Links:

Volltext

Keywords:

Journal Article

Notes:

Date Completed 14.02.2024

Date Revised 14.02.2024

published: Electronic-eCollection

Citation Status MEDLINE

doi:

10.1371/journal.pone.0298088

funding:

Supporting institution / Project title:

PPN (Catalogue-ID):

NLM368247031