Maternal transfer of IgA and IgG SARS-CoV-2 specific antibodies transplacentally and via breast milk feeding

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BACKGROUND: Although there have been many studies on antibody responses to SARS-CoV-2 in breast milk, very few have looked at the fate of these in the infant, and whether they are delivered to immunologically relevant sites in infants.

METHODS: Mother/infant pairs (mothers who breast milk fed and who were SARS-CoV-2 vaccinated before or after delivery) were recruited for this cross-sectional study. Mother blood, mother breast milk, infant blood, infant nasal specimen, and infant stool was tested for IgA and IgG antibodies against SARS-CoV-2 spike trimer.

RESULTS: Thirty-one mother/infant pairs were recruited. Breast milk fed infants acquired systemic anti-spike IgG antibodies only if their mothers were vaccinated antepartum (100% Antepartum; 0% Postpartum; P<0.0001). Breast milk fed infants acquired mucosal anti-spike IgG antibodies (in the nose) only if their mothers were vaccinated antepartum (89% Antepartum; 0% Postpartum; P<0.0001). None of the infants in either group had anti-spike IgA in the blood. Surprisingly, 33% of the infants whose mothers were vaccinated antepartum had high titer anti-spike IgA in the nose (33% Antepartum; 0% Postpartum; P = 0.03). Half-life of maternally transferred plasma IgG antibodies in the Antepartum infant cohort was ~70 days.

CONCLUSION: Vaccination antepartum followed by breast milk feeding appears to be the best way to provide systemic and local anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibodies for infants. The presence of high titer SARS-CoV-2-specific IgA in the nose of infants points to the potential importance of breast milk feeding early in life for maternal transfer of mucosal IgA antibodies. Expectant mothers should consider becoming vaccinated antepartum and consider breast milk feeding for optimal transfer of systemic and mucosal antibodies to their infants.

Media Type:

Electronic Article

Year of Publication:

2023

Publication:

2023

Contained In:

To Main Record - volume:18

Contained In:

PloS one - 18(2023), 4 vom: 06., Seite e0284020

Language:

English

Contributors:

Sajadi, Mohammad M [Author]
Shokatpour, Narjes [Author]
Purcell, Madeleine [Author]
Tehrani, Zahra Rikhtegaran [Author]
Lankford, Allison [Author]
Bathula, Allison [Author]
Campbell, James D [Author]
Hammershaimb, Elizabeth Adrianne [Author]
Deatrick, Kristopher B [Author]
Bor, Casey [Author]
Parsell, Dawn M [Author]
Dugan, Colleen [Author]
Levine, Andrea R [Author]
Ramelli, Sabrina C [Author]
Chertow, Daniel S [Author]
Herr, Daniel L [Author]
Saharia, Kapil K [Author]
Lewis, George K [Author]
Grazioli, Alison [Author]

Links:

Volltext

Keywords:

Antibodies, Viral
Immunoglobulin A
Immunoglobulin G
Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Notes:

Date Completed 10.04.2023

Date Revised 13.12.2023

published: Electronic-eCollection

Citation Status MEDLINE

doi:

10.1371/journal.pone.0284020

funding:

Supporting institution / Project title:

PPN (Catalogue-ID):

NLM355277182