Impact of COVID-19 on (Non-COVID) chronic respiratory disease outcome survey in India (CCROS study)

Background: India has high prevalence of chronic respiratory diseases, especially bronchial asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Both of these are also recognized as risk factors for severity and poor outcome of COVID-19 disease. It is assumed that COVID-19 outbreak as well as an effective lockdown might have affected the incidence and outcome of some of these.

Methods: To substantiate above hypothesis, an online survey was mailed to 547 pulmonologists across the country; 314 (54.7%) responses were recorded in the given period. The survey included observations on incidence and outcome of common chronic respiratory diseases such as asthma, COPD and interstitial lung diseases (ILD) in predefined pre-COVID and during COVID period in a total of 24 questions.

Results: It was observed that the reduction in incidence of outpatient department cases, acute exacerbations and hospitalization for asthma, COPD and ILD was statistically significant. The outcome of acute exacerbations of these chronic respiratory diseases was analyzed in terms of discharges from hospitals after satisfactory recovery and/ or mortalities. For COPD and ILD, it was not significantly affected during the COVID period. At the same time, a relatively higher proportion of acute asthma mortality was reported. A wide variation in nebulization practices was reported during this period. The doses of inhaled corticosteroids in asthma management were not affected. A wide variety of factors including effective lockdown, better quality of air and regular use of masks were probably responsible for reduced incidence of exacerbations of these chronic respiratory diseases.

Conclusion: We conclude that while outpatient department visits, acute exacerbations and hospitalizations were significantly reduced during COVID-19 period, outcome of asthmatics was relatively unfavorable as compared to that of COPD and ILDs.

Media Type:

Electronic Article

Year of Publication:

2021

Contained In:

Lung India : official organ of Indian Chest Society - Vol. 38, No. 5 (2021), p. 454-459

Language:

English

Contributors:

Gupta, Neeraj
Dhar, Raja
Swarnakar, Rajesh
Bedi, Renu
Chawla, Rakesh

Links:

Volltext

Keywords:

Chronic respiratory diseases
During COVID
Exacerbations
Journal Article
Pre-COVID

Notes:

Date Revised 02.09.2021

published: Print

Citation Status PubMed-not-MEDLINE

Copyright: From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Physical Description:

Online-Ressource

doi:

10.4103/lungindia.lungindia_965_20

PMID:

34472524

PPN (Catalogue-ID):

NLM331341875