Association between coronary artery calcifications and 6-month mortality in hospitalized patients with COVID-19

Copyright © 2021. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS..

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between coronary artery calcium (CAC) visual score and 6-month mortality in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).

MATERIAL AND METHODS: A single-center prospective observational cohort was conducted in 169 COVID-19 consecutive hospitalized patients between March 13 and April 1, 2020, and follow-up for 6-months. A four-level visual CAC scoring was assessed by analyzing images obtained after the first routine non-ECG-gated CT performed to detect COVID-19 pneumonia.

RESULTS: Among 169 confirmed COVID-19 patients (118 men, 51 women; mean age, 65.6 ± 18.8 [SD] years; age range: 30-95 years) 63 (37%) presented with either moderate (n = 26, 15.3%) or heavy (n = 37, 21.8%) CAC detected by CT and 20 (11.8%) had history of cardiovascular disease requiring specific preventive treatment. At six months, mortality rate (45/169; 26.6%) increased with magnitude of CAC and was 7/64 (10.9%), 11/42 (26.2%), 10/26 (38.5%), 17/37 (45.9%) for no-CAC, mild-CAC, moderate-CAC and heavy-CAC groups, respectively (P = 0.001). Compared to the no CAC group, risk of death increased after adjustment with magnitude of CAC (HR: 2.23, 95% CI: 0.73-6.87, P = 0.16; HR: 2.78, 95% CI: 0.85-9.07, P0.09; HR: 5.38, 95% CI: 1.57-18.40, P = 0.007; in mild CAC, moderate and heavy CAC groups, respectively). In patients without previous coronary artery disease (154/169; 91%), mortality increased from 10.9% to 45.8% (P = 0.001) according to the magnitude of CAC categories. After adjustment, presence of moderate or heavy CAC was associated with higher mortality (HR: 2.26, 95% CI: 1.09-4.69, P = 0.03).

CONCLUSION: By using non-ECG-gated CT during the initial pulmonary assessment of COVID-19, heavy CAC is independently associated with 6-month mortality in patients hospitalized for severe COVID-19 pneumonia.

Media Type:

Electronic Article

Year of Publication:

2021

Contained In:

Diagnostic and interventional imaging - Vol. 102, No. 12 (2021), p. 717-725

Language:

English

Contributors:

Mousseaux, Elie
Fayol, Antoine
Danchin, Nicolas
Soulat, Gilles
Charpentier, Etienne
Livrozet, Marine
Carves, Jean-Baptiste
Tea, Victoria
Salem, Fares Ben
Chamandi, Chekrallah
Hulot, Jean-Sébastien
Puymirat, Etienne

Links:

Volltext

Keywords:

*COVID-19
*Coronary Artery Disease
*Vascular Calcification
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
COVID-19
Computed tomography
Coronary Angiography
Coronary artery calcification
Female
Humans
Journal Article
Male
Middle Aged
Myocardial injury
Observational Study
Outcomes
Predictive Value of Tests
Retrospective Studies
Risk Assessment
Risk Factors
SARS-CoV-2

Notes:

Date Completed 14.12.2021

Date Revised 14.12.2021

published: Print-Electronic

Citation Status MEDLINE

Copyright: From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Physical Description:

Online-Ressource

doi:

10.1016/j.diii.2021.06.007

PMID:

34312110

PPN (Catalogue-ID):

NLM329736965