Novel β-Coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) : Current and future aspects of pharmacological treatments

© 2020 The Author(s)..

The novel coronavirus outbreak has reported to be rapidly spreading across the countries and becomes a foremost community health alarm. At present, no vaccine or specific drug is on hand for the treatment of this infectious disease. This review investigates the drugs, which are being evaluated and found to be effective against nCOVID-19 infection. A thorough literature search was performedon the recently published research papers in between January 2020 to May 2020, through various databases like "Science Direct", "Google Scholar", "PubMed","Medline", "Web of Science", and "World Health Organization (WHO)". We reviewed and documented the information related with the current and future aspects for the management and cure of COVID-19. As of 21st July 2020 a total of 14,562,550 confirmed cases of coronavirus and 607,781 deaths have been reported world-wide. The main clinical feature of COVID-19 ranges from asymptomatic disease to mild lower respiratory tract illness to severe pneumonia, acute lung injury, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), multiple organ dysfunction, and death. The drugs at present used in COVID-19 patients and ongoing clinical trials focusing on drug repurposing of various therapeutic classes of drug e.g. antiviral, anti-inflammatory and/or immunomodulatory drugs along with adjuvant/supportive care. Many drugs on clinical trials shows effective results on preliminary scale and now used currently in patients. Adjuvant/supportive care therapy are used in patients to get the best results in order to minimize the short and long-term complications. However, further studies and clinical trials are needed on large scale of population to reach any firm conclusion in terms of its efficacy and safety.

Media Type:

Electronic Article

Year of Publication:

2020

Contained In:

Saudi pharmaceutical journal : SPJ : the official publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society - Vol. 28, No. 10 (2020), p. 1243-1252

Language:

English

Contributors:

Tiwari, Nidhi
Upadhyay, Jyoti
Ansari, Mohd Nazam
Joshi, Rohit

Links:

Volltext

Keywords:

Anti-inflammatory agents
Antiviral drugs
COVID-19
Corona virus
Journal Article
Review
SARS-CoV-2

Notes:

Date Revised 23.10.2020

published: Print-Electronic

Citation Status PubMed-not-MEDLINE

Copyright: From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Physical Description:

Online-Ressource

doi:

10.1016/j.jsps.2020.08.015

PMID:

32868970

PPN (Catalogue-ID):

NLM315365080