Key issues that need to be considered while revising the current annex of the European Council Recommendation (2003) on cancer screening

© 2020 International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC/WHO); licensed by UICC..

The 2003 European Council recommendation urging the Member States to introduce or scale up breast, cervical and colorectal cancer screening through an organized population-based approach has had a remarkable impact. We argue that the recommendation needs to be updated for at least two sets of reasons. First, some of the current clinical guidelines include new tests or protocols that were not available at the time of the Council document. Some have already been adopted by organized screening programs, such as newly defined age ranges for mammography screening, Human Papillomavirus (HPV)-based cervical cancer screening, fecal immunochemical test (FIT) and sigmoidoscopy for colorectal cancer screening. Second, the outcomes of randomized trials evaluating screening for lung and prostate cancer have been published recently and the balance between harms and benefits needs to be pragmatically assessed. In the European Union, research collaboration and networking to exchange and develop best practices should be regularly supported by the European Commission. Integration between primary and secondary preventive strategies through comprehensive approaches is necessary not only to maximize the reduction in cancer burden but also to control the rising trend of other noncommunicable diseases sharing the same risk factors.

Media Type:

Electronic Article

Year of Publication:




Contained In:

To Main Record - volume:147

Contained In:

International journal of cancer - 147(2020), 1 vom: 01. Juli, Seite 9-13




Ponti, Antonio [Author]
Basu, Partha [Author]
Ritchie, David [Author]
Anttila, Ahti [Author]
Carvalho, Andre L [Author]
Senore, Carlo [Author]
Mallafré-Larrosa, Meritxell [Author]
Piccinelli, Cristiano [Author]
Ronco, Guglielmo [Author]
Soerjomataram, Isabelle [Author]
Primic-Žakelj, Maja [Author]
Dillner, Joakim [Author]
Elfström, Miriam K [Author]
Lönnberg, Stefan [Author]
Vale, Diama B [Author]
Tomatis, Mariano [Author]
Armaroli, Paola [Author]
Giordano, Livia [Author]
Sankaranarayanan, Rengaswamy [Author]
Segnan, Nereo [Author]




Cancer screening
European Council
European Union
Journal Article


Date Completed 17.03.2021

Date Revised 24.03.2024

published: Print-Electronic

Citation Status MEDLINE




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