COVID-19 healthcare cost and length of hospital stay in Turkey : retrospective analysis from the first peak of the pandemic / Ergun Oksuz, Simten Malhan, Mustafa Sait Gonen, Zekayi Kutlubay, Yilmaz Keskindemirci and Fehmi Tabak

Background: During the COVID-19 pandemic, health care systems are under extreme pressure. This study analyzed health care resource use (HCRU) and costs in patients admitted to the hospital for COVID-19 and aimed to estimate the one-year direct medical cost of the disease in Turkey. Methods: This retrospective cohort study was conducted between March and July 2020 in a tertiary hospital (n=1056) in Istanbul. Patient demographics, clinical and treatment characteristics at admission, comorbidities, diseasese verity, and costs from a payer perspective were evaluated using the microcosting method. The results include LOS, hospital costs, and univariate and generalized linear models to investigate influencing factors. The data were extrapolated to provide a country-level estimate. Results: The mean length of stay was 9.1 days (SD 6.9). The mean length of stay was 8.0 days (4.7) for patientshospitalized in wards versus 14.8 days (SD 12.0) for patients hospitalized in the ICU. In univariate analysis, severalfactors, including O2therapy (+ 3.7 days), high CRP > 41.8 mg/L (+ 3.8 days), and elevated ferritin (+ 3.5), were foundto be associated with a longer LOS (p< 0.05).The direct annual medical cost of COVID-19 was estimated at PPP$ 2.1 billion. The COVID-19 pandemic resulted in a direct medical burden that corresponds to 2.0% of the government health expenditures and 0.8 per thousand of Turkey's gross domestic product (GDP). Conclusions: Estimating the impact of this pandemic in terms of HCRU and costs to the health care system can help design strategies to manage the pandemic..

Media Type:

Electronic Article

Year of Publication:




Contained In:

To Main Record - volume:11

Contained In:

Health economics review - 11(2021), 1 vom: Dez., Artikel-ID 39, Seite 1-12




Oksuz, Ergun [Author]
Malhan, Simten [Author]
Gonen, Mustafa Sait [Author]
Kutlubay, Zekayi [Author]
Keskindemirci, Yilmaz [Author]
Tabak, Fehmi [Author]

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Health care cost
Intensive care unit
Length of stay
Severity of the disease



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